Indonesia faces a drop in tourist numbers, at least in the short term, following the attack in central Jakarta claimed by Islamic State, in a blow to Southeast Asia’s biggest economy already growing at its slowest pace since the financial crisis.
An Indonesian and a Canadian were killed, along with five attackers, while 20 people, including an Algerian, Austrian, German and Dutchman, were wounded on Thursday.
Two of the militants were taken alive, police said.
The attack could frustrate President Joko Widodo’s ambitions to nearly double tourist arrivals to 20 million people by 2019, although Indonesia’s tourism ministry said that it was sticking to that target despite the gun and bomb assault.
The government has removed visa requirements for visitors from 84 countries making a short visit, and is working to give visa-free entry to more nationalities in a bid to attract more travellers.
Indonesia, famous for the idyllic island of Bali, its dramatic volcanic landscapes and ancient temples, was estimated to have welcomed 10 million foreign tourists in 2015.
Some travel agents said they had received calls from worried tourists, but they predicted that the effects of the attack would be shortlived.
“I think this incident will definitely have an impact on travel to Indonesia, especially to Jakarta,” said Terence Cheong, director of Orient Travel and Tours, a travel agency based in Kuala Lumpur and the operator of MariMari.com, a hotel booking website.
In the Netherlands – whose tourists visit Bali for its beach resorts and other big islands for a taste of the country’s colonial history – some travel agents received phone calls from concerned customers.
“It’s early days, but I don’t think it will be too bad,” said Willem Linders, who operates roughly 200 group tours to Indonesia through his travel agency Indonesia Tours.
The number of Dutch visitors to Indonesia has jumped nearly 50 per cent over the past decade from a low after the Bali bombings to more than 169,000 in 2014, according to the Indonesia statistics office.
Bali, located hundreds of miles from Jakarta and a major attraction for tourists, was a target of militant attacks more than a decade ago, when a nightclub bombing killed 202 people including 88 Australians.
Noviendi Makalam, spokesman for Indonesia’s tourism ministry, expects tourist arrivals to the capital to drop over the next two to three months.
He estimates that Jakarta contribute around 30 per cent to the country’s total foreign tourist arrivals.